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Over 301 facts you dont know about biafra civl war

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Nigerian Civil War
Biafra independent state map-en.svg
The de facto independent Republic of Biafra in June 1967
Date 6 July 1967 – 15 January 1970
(2 years, 6 months, 1 week and 2 days)
Location The geographical southeastern Nigeria
Result Nigerian victory
Territorial
changes
Biafra rejoins Nigeria
Belligerents
 Nigeria
 Egypt (air support)[1]
 Biafra
Commanders and leaders
Nigeria Yakubu Gowon
Nigeria Murtala Mohammed
Nigeria Benjamin Adekunle
Nigeria Olusegun Obasanjo
Nigeria Mohammed Shuwa
Nigeria E.A. Etuk
Nigeria Shehu Musa Yar’Adua
Nigeria Theophilus Danjuma
Nigeria Ibrahim Haruna
Nigeria Ipoola Alani Akinrinade
Nigeria Ted Hamman 
Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
Nigeria Ibrahim Babangida (WIA)
Nigeria Isaac Adaka Boro 
Nigeria Idris Garba
Egypt Mustafa Shalaby El Hennawy
Biafra Odumegwu Ojukwu
Biafra Philip Effiong
Biafra Alexander Madiebo
Biafra Albert Okonkwo
Biafra Victor Banjo Skull and crossbones.svg
Biafra Ogbugo Kalu
Biafra Joseph Achuzie
Biafra Azum Asoya
Biafra Mike Inveso
Biafra Timothy Onwuatuegwu 
BiafraGermany Rolf Steiner
Biafra Festus Akagha
BiafraCanada Lynn Garrison
Biafra Taffy Williams
Biafra Jonathan Uchendu
Biafra Ogbo Oji (WIA)
Biafra Humphrey Chukwuka
Biafra H.M. Njoku
Strength
Nigeria Nigerian troops:
85,000[17]–150,000[18](1967)
(Possible 100,000)[19][20]
250,000 (1968)[21]
200,000[22]–250,000[18] (1970)
Biafra Biafran troops:
10,000[20]–100,000[18](1967)
(Possible 30,000)[17]
110,000 (1968)[23]
50,000[22]–100,000[24](1970)
Casualties and losses
Military killed: 45,000[22]–100,000[25][26] killed


2 million civilians perished during the blockade from famine[27]


Displaced: 2,000,000–4,500,000[28]


Refugees: 500,000[29]–3,000,000[30]

The Nigerian Civil War, commonly known as the Biafran War (6 July 1967 – 15 January 1970), was a war fought between the government of Nigeria and the secessionist state of Biafra. Biafra represented nationalist aspirations of the Igbo people, whose leadership felt they could no longer coexist with the Northern-dominated federal government. The conflict resulted from political, economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions which preceded Britain’s formal decolonization of Nigeria from 1960 to 1963. Immediate causes of the war in 1966 included a military coup, a counter-coup and persecution of Igbo living in Northern Nigeria. Control over the lucrative oil production in the Niger Delta played a vital strategic role.

Within a year, the Federal Government troops surrounded Biafra, capturing coastal oil facilities and the city of Port Harcourt. The blockade imposed during the ensuing stalemate led to severe famine. During the two and half years of the war, there were about 100,000 overall military casualties, while between 500,000 and 2 million Biafran civilians died of starvation.[31]

In mid-1968, images of malnourished and starving Biafran children saturated the mass media of Western countries. The plight of the starving Biafrans became a cause célèbre in foreign countries, enabling a significant rise in the funding and prominence of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Britain and the Soviet Union were the main supporters of the Nigerian government in Lagos, while France, Israel and some other countries supported Biafra. France and Israel provided weapons to both combatants.

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